ISO 14000 Family of Standards
ISO 14000 is a series of standards developed by International Organization for Standardization (ISO) to address Environmental Management, or what you do to:
The brochure reviews the 14000 family of standards which provide environmental and economic benefits, including:
- Reduced raw material or resource use
- Reduced energy consumption
- Improved process efficiency
- Reduced waste generation and disposal costs
- Utilization of recoverable resources
ISO 14000 environmental standards help organizations manage their environmental requirements and tie them into their overall business objectives. They fall into six categories (click for details):
- Environmental management systems
- Environmental auditing
- Environmental performance evaluation
- Environmental labeling
- Life-cycle assessment
- Environmental aspects in product standards
NOTE:Organizations do not register to ISO 14000 as a series, they ONLY register to ISO 14001:2004. The other documents will help an organization implement an EMS, audit properly, etc.
Within each category, there are two types of ISO 14000 standards:
- Requirements Standards - detailing the steps that must be taken to meet the standard. Companies only register to the requirements standards
- The most common are:
- ISO 14001:2004 - Environmental Management Systems - Requirements with guidance for use
- ISO 14065:2007 - Greenhouse Gases - Requirements for Greenhouse Gas Validation and Verification Bodies
- Guidance Standards - are descriptive documents intended to provide guidance only.
- All of the ISO 14000 series of generic standards (from ISO 14004 to ISO 14064) are guidance standards.
- These are recommended for organizations interested in ISO 14000:
- ISO 14004:2004-Environmental management systems - General guidelines on principles, systems and support techniques.
- ISO 19011:2011-Guidelines for quality and/or environmental management systems auditing.
- ISO 14064:2006- Greenhouse Gas Reporting
Note: Depending on the nature of the business that organizations are involved in, some of the other standards listed may apply